Multiple plume events in the genesis of the peri-Caribbean Cretaceous oceanic plateau province - Université Pierre et Marie Curie Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Year : 2000

Multiple plume events in the genesis of the peri-Caribbean Cretaceous oceanic plateau province

Vincent Dupuis
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  • PersonId : 842657
  • IdRef : 07521721X
René C. Maury
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  • PersonId : 863654
Marc Tardy
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  • PersonId : 835194
Bernard Mercier de Lépinay

Abstract

The oceanic crust fragments exposed in central America, in north-western South America, and in the Caribbean islands have been considered to represent accreted remnants of the Caribbean-Colombian Oceanic Plateau (CCOP). On the basis of trace element and Nd, Sr, and Pb isotopic compositions we infer that cumulate rocks, basalts, and diabases from coastal Ecuador have a different source than the basalts from the Dominican Republic. The latter suite includes the 86 Ma basalts of the Duarte Complex which are light rare earth element (REE) -enriched and display (relative to normal mid-ocean ridge basalts, NMORB) moderate enrichments in large ion lithophile elements, together with high Nb, Ta, Pb, and low Th contents. Moreover, they exhibit a rather restricted range of Nd and Pb isotopic ratios consistent with their derivation from an ocean island-type mantle source, the composition of which includes the HIMU (high 238U/204pb) component characteristic of the Galfipagos hotspot. In contrast, the 123 Ma Ecuadorian oceanic rocks have flat REE patterns and (relative to NMORB) are depleted in Zr, Hf, Th, and U. Moreover, they show a wide range of Nd and Pb isotopic ratios intermediate between those of ocean island basalts and NMORB. It is unlikely, on geochemical grounds, that the plume source of the Ecuadorian fragments was similar to that of the Galfipagos. In addition, because of the NNE motion of the Farallon plate during the Early Cretaceous, the Ecuadorian oceanic plateau fragments could not have been derived from the Gallpagos hotspot but were likely formed at a ridge-centered or near-ridge hotspot somewhere in the SE Pacific.
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hal-03879780 , version 1 (01-12-2022)

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Henriette Lapierre, Delphine Bosch, Vincent Dupuis, Mireille Polvé, René C. Maury, et al.. Multiple plume events in the genesis of the peri-Caribbean Cretaceous oceanic plateau province. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2000, 105 (84), pp.8403-8421. ⟨10.1029/1998JB900091⟩. ⟨hal-03879780⟩
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