Simulated anthropogenic CO<sub>2</sub> storage and acidification of the Mediterranean Sea - ENSTA Paris - École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées Paris Access content directly
Journal Articles Biogeosciences Year : 2015

Simulated anthropogenic CO2 storage and acidification of the Mediterranean Sea


Constraints on the Mediterranean Sea's storage of anthropogenic CO 2 are limited, coming only from data-based approaches that disagree by more than a factor of two. Here we simulate this marginal sea's anthropogenic carbon storage by applying a perturbation approach in a high-resolution regional model. Our model simulates that, between 1800 and 2001, basin-wide CO 2 storage by the Mediterranean Sea has increased by 1.0 Pg C, a lower limit based on the model's weak deep-water ventilation, as revealed by evaluation with CFC-12. Furthermore, by testing a data-based approach (transit time distribution) in our model, comparing simulated anthropogenic CO 2 to values computed from simulated CFC-12 and physical variables, we conclude that the associated basin-wide storage of 1.7 Pg, published previously, must be an upper bound. Out of the total simulated storage of 1.0 Pg C, 75 % comes from the air-sea flux into the Mediterranean Sea and 25 % comes from net transport from the Atlantic across the Strait of Gibraltar. Sensitivity tests indicate that the Mediterranean Sea's higher total alkalinity, relative to the global-ocean mean, enhances the Mediterranean's total inventory of anthropogenic carbon by 10 %. Yet the corresponding average anthropogenic change in surface pH does not differ significantly from the globalocean average, despite higher total alkalinity. In Mediterranean deep waters, the pH change is estimated to be between −0.005 and −0.06 pH units.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
bg-12-781-2015.pdf (7.92 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-01806665 , version 1 (18-12-2020)



J. Palmiéri, J. Orr, J. Dutay, K. Béranger, A. Schneider, et al.. Simulated anthropogenic CO2 storage and acidification of the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences, 2015, 12 (3), pp.781 - 802. ⟨10.5194/bg-12-781-2015⟩. ⟨hal-01806665⟩
78 View
6 Download



Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More