Barium and molybdenum records in bivalve shells: Geochemical proxies for phytoplankton dynamics in coastal environments? - Université Pierre et Marie Curie Access content directly
Journal Articles Limnology and Oceanography : methods Year : 2009

Barium and molybdenum records in bivalve shells: Geochemical proxies for phytoplankton dynamics in coastal environments?

Abstract

Barium:calcium and molybdenum:calcium ratios were investigated in shells of the tropical scallop Comptopallium radula. Three juvenile specimens were harvested alive in the southwest lagoon of New Caledonia after a 1-year hydrological survey. Calcite samples representing a few hours of biomineralization were laser-ablated along the maximal growth axis and analyzed for Ba and Mo content using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. Absolute dates of shell precipitation assigned on the basis of periodic formation of shell growth patterns led to the accurate reconstruction of ontogenetic variations of elemental ratios with subweekly resolution. Inter-individual variability of Ba:Ca and Mo:Ca time series was low, indicating an environmental control on the incorporation of these elements within shells. Both profiles were characterized by a background level punctuated by sharp peaks. The ingestion of diatoms enriched in Ba (adsorbed on iron oxyhydroxides associated with the frustules) is the most likely cause of the formation of Ba:Ca peaks. Some contribution of diatom-associated barite is also possible. In every instance, Ba:Ca would possibly be a proxy for the timing and magnitude of diatom blooms. Among all the theories that could be advanced to explain the occurrence of Mo:Ca peaks, the most plausible appears to be the ingestion of phytoplankton cells grown upon NO3- and therefore containing high levels of Mo required for the activity of nitrate reductase. If this is so, then Mo:Ca could be a new proxy for nitrate uptake by phytoplankton in coastal ecosystems, helping to reconstruct the balance between new and regenerated production in paleoenvironments.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Thebault_et_al_2009a.pdf (1.2 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Explicit agreement for this submission

Dates and versions

hal-00449364 , version 1 (21-01-2010)

Identifiers

Cite

Julien Thébault, Laurent Chauvaud, Stéphane L'Helguen, Jacques Clavier, Aurélie Barats, et al.. Barium and molybdenum records in bivalve shells: Geochemical proxies for phytoplankton dynamics in coastal environments?. Limnology and Oceanography : methods, 2009, 54 (3), pp.1002-1014. ⟨10.4319/lo.2009.54.3.1002⟩. ⟨hal-00449364⟩
812 View
293 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More