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Journal Articles Experimental Astronomy Year : 2015

The EChO science case

Giovanna Tinetti (1) , Pierre Drossart (2) , Paul Eccleston , Paul Hartogh (3) , Kate Isaak (4) , Martin, Linder (5) , Christophe, Lovis , Giusi, Micela (6) , Marc, Ollivier (7) , Ludovic, Puig , Ignasi, Ribas (8) , Ignas, Snellen , Bruce Swinyard , France Allard (9) , Joanna, Barstow (10) , James, Cho (11) , Athena, Coustenis (2) , Charles, Cockell (12) , Alexandre, Correia (13) , Leen, Decin , Remco, de Kok (14) , Pieter, Deroo , Therese, Encrenaz (2) , Francois, Forget (15) , Alistair, Glasse , Caitlin, Griffith (16) , Tristan Guillot (17) , Tommi, Koskinen (18) , Helmut, Lammer (19) , Jeremy, Leconte (9, 15) , Pierre, Maxted , Ingo, Mueller-Wodarg , Richard, Nelson (20) , Chris, North (21) , Enric, Pallé , Isabella, Pagano , Guseppe, Piccioni (22) , David, Pinfield (23) , Franck Selsis (24) , Alessandro, Sozzetti , Lars, Stixrude , Jonathan, Tennyson (25) , Diego, Turrini , Mariarosa, Zapatero-Osorio. Jean-Philippe Beaulieu , Denis, Grodent (26) , Manuel, Guedel , David, Luz (27) , Hans Ulrik, Nørgaard-Nielsen , Tom, Ray , Hans, Rickman (28, 29) , Avri, Selig (30) , Mark Swain. Marek, Banaszkiewicz (29) , Mike, Barlow , Neil, Bowles (31) , Graziella, Branduardi-Raymont (32) , Vincent, Coudé Du Foresto , Jean-Claude, Gerard (26) , Laurent, Gizon , Allan, Hornstrup , Christopher, Jarchow , Franz, Kerschbaum , Géza, Kovacs (3) , Pierre-Olivier, Lagage (33) , Tanya, Lim , Mercedes, Lopez-Morales , Giuseppe, Malaguti (34) , Emanuele, Pace , Enzo, Pascale , Bart, Vandenbussche (35) , Gillian, Wright (36) , Gonzalo Ramos Zapata. Alberto, Adriani , Ruymán, Azzollini , Ana, Balado , Ian, Bryson , Raymond, Burston , Josep, Colomé , Martin, Crook , Anna, Di Giorgio (37) , Matt, Griffin , Ruud, Hoogeveen (14) , Roland, Ottensamer , Ranah, Irshad (31) , Kevin, Middleton , Gianluca, Morgante , Frederic Pinsard , Mirek, Rataj , Jean-Michel, Reess (2) , Giorgio, Savini , Jan-Rutger, Schrader , Richard, Stamper (38) , Berend Winter. L., Abe , M., Abreu (39) , N., Achilleos (25, 40) , P., Ade , V., Adybekian , L., Affer , C., Agnor (41) , M. Agúndez , Christophe Alard (42) , J., Alcala , C., Allende Prieto , F. J., Alonso Floriano , F., Altieri (22) , C. A., Alvarez Iglesias , P., Amado , Ann Andersen (43) , A., Aylward (1) , C., Baffa , G., Bakos , P., Ballerini , M., Banaszkiewicz (29) , R. J., Barber (44) , D., Barrado (45, 46) , E. J., Barton (47, 48) , V., Batista , G., Bellucci (22) , J. A., Belmonte Avilés , D., Berry (49) , B., Bézard (2) , D., Biondi , M., Błęcka , I., Boisse (50) , B., Bonfond (26) , Pascal Bordé (24) , P., Börner (3) , H., Bouy (51) , L., Brown (52) , L., Buchhave , J., Budaj , A., Bulgarelli , M., Burleigh (10) , A., Cabral (53) , M. T., Capria , A., Cassan (54) , C., Cavarroc (55) , C., Cecchi-Pestellini , R., Cerulli (56) , J., Chadney , S., Chamberlain (57) , S., Charnoz , N. Christian, Jessen , A., Ciaravella , A., Claret (58) , R., Claudi , A., Coates (32) , R., Cole , A., Collura , D. Cordier (59) , E., Covino , C., Danielski , M., Damasso , H. J., Deeg (42) , E., Delgado-Mena , C., del Vecchio (60) , O., Demangeon (61) , A., de Sio , J., de Wit , M. Dobrijevic (62) , P., Doel , C., Dominic , E., Dorfi (63) , S., Eales , C., Eiroa , M., Espinoza Contreras , M., Esposito (64) , Vincent Eymet , N., Fabrizio (65) , M., Fernández (66) , B., Femenía Castella , P., Figueira (67) , G., Filacchione (22) , L., Fletcher (31) , M., Focardi (68) , S., Fossey , P., Fouqué (69, 70) , J., Frith , M., Galand (71) , L., Gambicorti , P., Gaulme (72) , R. J., García López , A., Garcia-Piquer , W., Gear (73) , Jean-Claude Gérard (26) , L., Gesa , E., Giani , F., Gianotti , M., Gillon (74) , E., Giro , M., Giuranna (22) , H., Gomez (75) , Illeana Gómez Leal (24) , J., Gonzalez Hernandez , B., González Merino , R. Graczyk , D., Grassi (22) , J., Guardia , P., Guio (25) , J., Gustin (26) , P., Hargrave , J., Haigh (76) , Eric Hébrard (24) , U., Heiter , R. L., Heredero , E., Herrero (77) , F. Hersant (24) , D., Heyrovsky , M., Hollis , B., Hubert (78) , R., Hueso (79) , G., Israelian , N., Iro (80) , P., Irwin (31) , S., Jacquemoud , G., Jones , H., Jones , K., Justtanont (81) , T., Kehoe , F., Kerschbaum , E., Kerins , P., Kervella (2) , D., Kipping , T., Koskinen (18) , N., Krupp (3) , O., Lahav , B., Laken , N., Lanza (82) , E., Lellouch , G., Leto (83) , J., Licandro Goldaracena , C., Lithgow-Bertelloni (25) , S. J., Liu (84) , U., Lo Cicero , N., Lodieu , Philippe Lognonné (85) , M., Lopez-Puertas (86) , M. A., Lopez-Valverde (87) , I., Lundgaard Rasmussen , A., Luntzer (88) , P., Machado (89, 90) , C., Mactavish , A., Maggio , J.-P., Maillard (91) , W., Magnes , J., Maldonado , U., Mall (3) , J.-B. Marquette (42) , P., Mauskopf , F., Massi (92, 93) , A. S. Maurin (94) , A., Medvedev , C., Michaut (95) , P., Miles-Paez , M., Montalto , P., Montañés Rodríguez , M., Monteiro , D., Montes , H., Morais , J. C., Morales (2) , M., Morales-Calderón , G., Morello , A., Moro Martín , J., Moses , A., Moya Bedon , F., Murgas Alcaino , E., Oliva (96) , G., Orton (52) , F., Palla , M., Pancrazzi , E., Pantin , V., Parmentier (17) , H., Parviainen , K. Y., Peña Ramírez , J., Peralta (27, 86) , S., Perez-Hoyos (79) , R., Petrov (17) , S., Pezzuto , R., Pietrzak , E., Pilat-Lohinger (63) , N., Piskunov (28) , R., Prinja (1) , L., Prisinzano , I., Polichtchouk , E., Poretti , A., Radioti (26) , A. A., Ramos (97) , T., Rank-Lüftinger , P., Read (31) , K., Readorn , R., Rebolo López , J., Rebordão (53) , M., Rengel (3) , L., Rezac (3) , M., Rocchetto (98) , F., Rodler , V. J., Sánchez Béjar , A., Sanchez Lavega , E., Sanromá (99) , N., Santos (100, 67) , J., Sanz Forcada , G., Scandariato , F.-X., Schmider (72, 17) , A., Scholz (101) , S., Scuderi , J., Sethenadh , S., Shore , A., Showman (16) , B., Sicardy , P., Sitek (102) , Agnès Smith (32) , L., Soret (26) , S., Sousa , Arnaud Stiepen (26) , M., Stolarski , G., Strazzulla (103) , H. M, Tabernero , P., Tanga (17) , M., Tecsa , J., Temple , L., Terenzi , M., Tessenyi , L., Testi , S., Thompson (104) , H., Thrastarson , B. W., Tingley , M., Trifoglio , J., Martín Torres , A., Tozzi (92) , D., Turrini , R., Varley , F., Vakili (17) , M., de Val-Borro (3) , M. L., Valdivieso , O. Venot (105) , E., Villaver , S., Vinatier (2) , S., Viti , I., Waldmann , D., Waltham (106) , D. Ward-Thompson , R., Waters , C., Watkins , D., Watson , P., Wawer , A., Wawrzaszk , G., White , T., Widemann (2) , W., Winek , T., Wiśniowski , R., Yelle (18) , Y., Yung (107) , S. N., Yurchenko
1 UCL - University College of London [London]
2 LESIA - Laboratoire d'études spatiales et d'instrumentation en astrophysique
3 MPS - Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung = Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
4 ESTEC - European Space Research and Technology Centre
5 ESA - Agence Spatiale Européenne = European Space Agency
6 OAPa - INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo
7 LTM - Laboratoire des technologies de la microélectronique
8 Dpto. de Organización de Empresas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Industrial de Barcelona
9 CRAL - Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon
10 Department of Physics and Astronomy [Leicester]
11 ARL - U.S. Army Research Laboratory [Adelphi, MD]
12 ROE - Royal Observatory Edinburgh
13 Departamento de Fisica [Aveiro]
14 SRON - SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research
15 LMD - Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (UMR 8539)
16 Department of Planetary Sciences [Tucson]
17 LAGRANGE - Joseph Louis LAGRANGE
18 LPL - Lunar and Planetary Laboratory [Tucson]
19 IWF - Space Research Institute of Austrian Academy of Sciences
20 The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
21 HCI - Center for Human-Computer Interaction
22 IAPS - Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali - INAF
23 Centre for Astrophysics Research [Hatfield]
24 ECLIPSE 2015
25 Department of Physics and Astronomy [UCL London]
26 LPAP - Laboratoire de Physique Atmosphérique et Planétaire
27 CAAUL - Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa
28 Department of Physics and Astronomy [Uppsala]
29 CBK - Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences
30 Institute for Control Engineering of Machine Tools and Manufacturing Units (ISW), University of Stuttgart
31 AOPP - Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics [Oxford]
32 MSSL - Mullard Space Science Laboratory
33 IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers
34 Institut Curie [Paris]
35 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde [Leuven]
36 Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience
37 FL - foreign laboratories
38 RAL - STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
39 Estrutura de Missão para a Extensão da Plataforma Continental
40 CPS - Centre for Planetary Sciences [UCL/Birkbeck]
41 QMUL - Queen Mary University of London
42 IAP - Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
43 DARK - Dark Cosmology Centre
44 STFC - Computational Science and Engineering Department [Daresbury]
45 Departamento de Astrofisica [Madrid]
46 Calar Alto Observatory
47 Department of Geoscience
48 AEON-ESSRI - African Earth Observatory Network - Earth Stewardship Science Research Institute
49 Animal Genetics
50 LAM - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille
51 CAB - Centro de Astrobiologia [Madrid]
52 JPL - Jet Propulsion Laboratory
53 INETI - Instituto Nacional de Engenharia, Tecnologia e Inovacao
54 UPMC - Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6
55 CEA - CEA- Saclay
56 UNISA - Università degli Studi di Salerno = University of Salerno
57 Department of Genetics
58 IRTA - Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries = Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology
59 UTINAM - Univers, Transport, Interfaces, Nanostructures, Atmosphère et environnement, Molécules (UMR 6213)
60 Department of Molecular Medicine
61 IAS - Institut d'astrophysique spatiale
62 ASP 2015
63 Institute for Astronomy [Vienna]
64 IGM - Institut de génétique et microbiologie [Orsay]
65 DFKI - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH = German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
66 CONICET - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas [Buenos Aires]
67 CAUP - Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto
68 Dipartimento di Matematica "Ulisse Dini"
69 IUF - Institut Universitaire de France
70 UR - Université de Rennes
71 Imperial College London
72 FIZEAU - Laboratoire Hippolyte Fizeau
73 School of Physics and Astronomy [Cardiff]
74 Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique [Liège]
75 LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
76 University of Bradford
77 Instituto Universitario de Electroquimica
78 CREN - Centre de recherche en éducation de Nantes
79 Departamento de Fisica Aplicada [Bilbao]
80 GSFC - NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
81 OSO - Onsala Space Observatory
82 LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory
83 Osserv Astrofis Catania, Ist Nazl Astrofis
84 SCK-CEN - Centre d'Etude de l'Energie Nucléaire
85 IPGP (UMR_7154) - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
86 IAA - Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía
87 Consejo Super Invest Cient, Inst Astrofis Andalucia, ES-18080 Granada, Spain
88 University of Vienna [Vienna]
89 LEIDEN - Rhumato - Department of Rheumatology
90 COIMBRA - Rhumato - Department of Rheumatology
91 CSTB - Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment
92 OAA - INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri
93 INAF - Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica
94 UB - Université de Bordeaux
95 IPGP - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
96 LPGP - Laboratoire de physique des gaz et des plasmas
97 UC - Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
98 UNIVR | DI - Department of Computer Science [Verona]
99 IEB-UNIVERSITY OF BARCELONA
100 DFA/FCUP - Departamento de Física e Astronomia [Porto]
101 TLS - Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg
102 BIBA - Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik GmbH
103 OACT - INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania
104 Plasmon Nano-optics
105 LISA (UMR_7583) - Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques
106 RHUL - Royal Holloway [University of London]
107 Hong Kong Government Environmental Protection Department
Giovanna Tinetti
Paul Eccleston
  • Function : Author
Christophe, Lovis
  • Function : Author
Ludovic, Puig
  • Function : Author
Ignas, Snellen
  • Function : Author
Bruce Swinyard
  • Function : Author
France Allard
Leen, Decin
  • Function : Author
Pieter, Deroo
  • Function : Author
Alistair, Glasse
  • Function : Author
Tristan Guillot
Pierre, Maxted
  • Function : Author
Ingo, Mueller-Wodarg
  • Function : Author
Enric, Pallé
  • Function : Author
Isabella, Pagano
  • Function : Author
Franck Selsis
  • Function : Author
Alessandro, Sozzetti
  • Function : Author
Lars, Stixrude
  • Function : Author
Diego, Turrini
  • Function : Author
Manuel, Guedel
  • Function : Author
Hans Ulrik, Nørgaard-Nielsen
  • Function : Author
Tom, Ray
  • Function : Author
Mike, Barlow
  • Function : Author
Vincent, Coudé Du Foresto
  • Function : Author
Laurent, Gizon
  • Function : Author
Allan, Hornstrup
  • Function : Author
Christopher, Jarchow
  • Function : Author
Franz, Kerschbaum
  • Function : Author
Tanya, Lim
  • Function : Author
Mercedes, Lopez-Morales
  • Function : Author
Emanuele, Pace
  • Function : Author
Enzo, Pascale
  • Function : Author
Ruymán, Azzollini
  • Function : Author
Ana, Balado
  • Function : Author
Ian, Bryson
  • Function : Author
Raymond, Burston
  • Function : Author
Josep, Colomé
  • Function : Author
Martin, Crook
  • Function : Author
Matt, Griffin
  • Function : Author
Roland, Ottensamer
  • Function : Author
Kevin, Middleton
  • Function : Author
Gianluca, Morgante
  • Function : Author
Frederic Pinsard
  • Function : Author
Mirek, Rataj
  • Function : Author
Giorgio, Savini
  • Function : Author
Jan-Rutger, Schrader
  • Function : Author
Berend Winter. L., Abe
  • Function : Author
P., Ade
  • Function : Author
V., Adybekian
  • Function : Author
L., Affer
  • Function : Author
M. Agúndez
J., Alcala
  • Function : Author
C., Allende Prieto
  • Function : Author
F. J., Alonso Floriano
  • Function : Author
C. A., Alvarez Iglesias
  • Function : Author
P., Amado
  • Function : Author
C., Baffa
  • Function : Author
G., Bakos
  • Function : Author
P., Ballerini
  • Function : Author
V., Batista
  • Function : Author
J. A., Belmonte Avilés
  • Function : Author
D., Berry
  • Function : Author
D., Biondi
  • Function : Author
M., Błęcka
  • Function : Author
Pascal Bordé
H., Bouy
L., Buchhave
  • Function : Author
J., Budaj
  • Function : Author
A., Bulgarelli
  • Function : Author
M. T., Capria
  • Function : Author
C., Cavarroc
  • Function : Author
C., Cecchi-Pestellini
  • Function : Author
J., Chadney
  • Function : Author
S., Charnoz
  • Function : Author
N. Christian, Jessen
  • Function : Author
A., Ciaravella
  • Function : Author
R., Claudi
  • Function : Author
R., Cole
  • Function : Author
A., Collura
  • Function : Author
E., Covino
  • Function : Author
C., Danielski
  • Function : Author
M., Damasso
  • Function : Author
E., Delgado-Mena
  • Function : Author
A., de Sio
  • Function : Author
J., de Wit
  • Function : Author
M. Dobrijevic
P., Doel
  • Function : Author
C., Dominic
  • Function : Author
S., Eales
  • Function : Author
C., Eiroa
  • Function : Author
M., Espinoza Contreras
  • Function : Author
Vincent Eymet
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 865114
B., Femenía Castella
  • Function : Author
S., Fossey
  • Function : Author
J., Frith
  • Function : Author
L., Gambicorti
  • Function : Author
R. J., García López
  • Function : Author
A., Garcia-Piquer
  • Function : Author
L., Gesa
  • Function : Author
E., Giani
  • Function : Author
F., Gianotti
  • Function : Author
E., Giro
  • Function : Author
Illeana Gómez Leal
  • Function : Author
J., Gonzalez Hernandez
  • Function : Author
B., González Merino
  • Function : Author
R. Graczyk
  • Function : Author
J., Guardia
  • Function : Author
P., Guio
P., Hargrave
  • Function : Author
J., Haigh
  • Function : Author
Eric Hébrard
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 839232
U., Heiter
  • Function : Author
R. L., Heredero
  • Function : Author
F. Hersant
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 853119
D., Heyrovsky
  • Function : Author
M., Hollis
  • Function : Author
G., Israelian
  • Function : Author
S., Jacquemoud
  • Function : Author
G., Jones
  • Function : Author
H., Jones
  • Function : Author
T., Kehoe
  • Function : Author
F., Kerschbaum
  • Function : Author
E., Kerins
  • Function : Author
D., Kipping
  • Function : Author
O., Lahav
  • Function : Author
B., Laken
  • Function : Author
E., Lellouch
  • Function : Author
J., Licandro Goldaracena
  • Function : Author
U., Lo Cicero
  • Function : Author
N., Lodieu
  • Function : Author
I., Lundgaard Rasmussen
  • Function : Author
C., Mactavish
  • Function : Author
A., Maggio
  • Function : Author
W., Magnes
  • Function : Author
J., Maldonado
  • Function : Author
P., Mauskopf
  • Function : Author
A., Medvedev
  • Function : Author
P., Miles-Paez
  • Function : Author
M., Montalto
  • Function : Author
P., Montañés Rodríguez
  • Function : Author
M., Monteiro
  • Function : Author
D., Montes
  • Function : Author
H., Morais
  • Function : Author
M., Morales-Calderón
  • Function : Author
G., Morello
  • Function : Author
A., Moro Martín
  • Function : Author
J., Moses
  • Function : Author
A., Moya Bedon
  • Function : Author
F., Murgas Alcaino
  • Function : Author
F., Palla
  • Function : Author
M., Pancrazzi
  • Function : Author
E., Pantin
  • Function : Author
H., Parviainen
  • Function : Author
K. Y., Peña Ramírez
  • Function : Author
R., Petrov
S., Pezzuto
  • Function : Author
R., Pietrzak
  • Function : Author
L., Prisinzano
  • Function : Author
I., Polichtchouk
  • Function : Author
E., Poretti
  • Function : Author
T., Rank-Lüftinger
  • Function : Author
K., Readorn
  • Function : Author
R., Rebolo López
  • Function : Author
F., Rodler
  • Function : Author
V. J., Sánchez Béjar
  • Function : Author
A., Sanchez Lavega
  • Function : Author
J., Sanz Forcada
  • Function : Author
G., Scandariato
  • Function : Author
S., Scuderi
  • Function : Author
J., Sethenadh
  • Function : Author
S., Shore
  • Function : Author
B., Sicardy
  • Function : Author
Agnès Smith
S., Sousa
  • Function : Author
M., Stolarski
  • Function : Author
H. M, Tabernero
  • Function : Author
P., Tanga
  • Function : Author
M., Tecsa
  • Function : Author
J., Temple
  • Function : Author
L., Terenzi
  • Function : Author
M., Tessenyi
  • Function : Author
L., Testi
  • Function : Author
S., Thompson
  • Function : Author
H., Thrastarson
  • Function : Author
B. W., Tingley
  • Function : Author
M., Trifoglio
  • Function : Author
J., Martín Torres
  • Function : Author
D., Turrini
  • Function : Author
R., Varley
  • Function : Author
F., Vakili
  • Function : Author
M. L., Valdivieso
  • Function : Author
E., Villaver
  • Function : Author
S., Viti
  • Function : Author
I., Waldmann
  • Function : Author
D. Ward-Thompson
  • Function : Author
R., Waters
  • Function : Author
C., Watkins
  • Function : Author
D., Watson
  • Function : Author
P., Wawer
  • Function : Author
A., Wawrzaszk
  • Function : Author
G., White
  • Function : Author
W., Winek
  • Function : Author
T., Wiśniowski
  • Function : Author
S. N., Yurchenko
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The discovery of almost 2000 exoplanets has revealed an unexpectedly diverse planet population. Observations to date have shown that our Solar System is certainly not representative of the general population of planets in our Milky Way. The key science questions that urgently need addressing are therefore: What are exoplanets made of? Why are planets as they are? What causes the exceptional diversity observed as compared to the Solar System? EChO (Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory) has been designed as a dedicated survey mission for transit and eclipse spectroscopy capable of observing a large and diverse planet sample within its four-year mission lifetime. EChO can target the atmospheres of super-Earths, Neptune-like, and Jupiter-like planets, in the very hot to temperate zones (planet temperatures of 300K-3000K) of F to M-type host stars. Over the next ten years, several new ground- and space-based transit surveys will come on-line (e.g. NGTS, CHEOPS, TESS, PLATO), which will specifically focus on finding bright, nearby systems. The current rapid rate of discovery would allow the target list to be further optimised in the years prior to EChO's launch and enable the atmospheric characterisation of hundreds of planets. Placing the satellite at L2 provides a cold and stable thermal environment, as well as a large field of regard to allow efficient time-critical observation of targets randomly distributed over the sky. A 1m class telescope is sufficiently large to achieve the necessary spectro-photometric precision. The spectral coverage (0.5-11 micron, goal 16 micron) and SNR to be achieved by EChO, thanks to its high stability and dedicated design, would enable a very accurate measurement of the atmospheric composition and structure of hundreds of exoplanets.
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Dates and versions

hal-01136385 , version 1 (09-05-2018)

Identifiers

Cite

Giovanna Tinetti, Pierre Drossart, Paul Eccleston, Paul Hartogh, Kate Isaak, et al.. The EChO science case. Experimental Astronomy, 2015, 40 (2-3), pp.329-391. ⟨10.1007/s10686-015-9484-8⟩. ⟨hal-01136385⟩
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